First the kids used this Interactive Website - How Mummies are Made
Apple Slice Dessication -
- Cut an apple into quarters.
- In a measuring cup, measure 1/3 cup of baking soda, fill the cup the rest of the way with table salt.
- Mix the dry ingredients - this is very similar to Natron, the compound used by the Egyptians.
- Place one apple quarter in a jar or cup
- Fill the cup with the salt mixture, making sure the apple is covered completely.
- In another cup place another quarter of the apple - leave it uncovered (this will show the comparison in decomposition)
- Place both cups in an out of the way place for about a week.
- Delivery of the corpse for mummification
- Removing the Organs. The heart remains in the mummy, the brain is destroyed and removed through a nostril, the stomach, liver, lungs and intestines were washed and placed in Natron for dessication - these preserved organs were each placed in a special jar called a Canopic Jar which is sealed with a carved top representing which organ was inside.
- The body was covered in Natron for 40 days to remove all water.
- The body was then washed and anointed with oils while the Priests chanted and sang blessings.
- The body was stuffed with herbs, spices, linen, sawdust and salt - this helps the body have normal proportions instead of just looking like a shrunken raisin.
- The head and neck were wrapped in linen
- The fingers and toes were wrapped in linen
- The rest of the body was wrapped in linen (all of these wrappings also included little amulets being wrapped as well.)
- The linen was sealed with a resin (like tree sap)
- The face of the mummy was painted with gold to represent the kings face
- The mummy was then placed in 3 coffins which (after the funeral) were then lowered into the sarcophagus.
Step 2 - we pretended to remove the organs
Step 3 - we covered our 'body' for 40 minutes (1 minute = 1 Egyptian day)
Step 7 - we had to simulate since our dolls didn't have fingers and toes.
Step 9 - We sealed our linen with a home made version of Plaster of Paris - 1 cup warm water and 2 cups flour (we made sure our mixture was a bit more watery than regular glue so our cheese cloth strips could be hardened.)